Managing Your Flu Symptoms
If you are sick at home and suspect it is the 2009 H1N1 flu, here are
some things you should do:
- Stay home from work or school, do not travel and separate yourself
from other people as much as possible. If you can, wear a surgical face
mask when in the presence of others.
- Stay home until you have no fever for at least 24 hours without
the use of fever-reducing medicine. Younger children may be
contagious for a longer period.
- If you are pregnant or have a health condition like diabetes,
heart disease, asthma or emphysema, check with your doctor by phone
about any special care that might be needed.
- Drink clear liquids, such as water, broth or sports drinks, to
avoid becoming dehydrated. Electrolyte beverages are good for infants.
Get plenty of rest.
- Fevers and aches can be treated with acetaminophen, ibuprofen
or anti-inflammatory drugs without steroids. If you have kidney
disease or stomach problems, check with your doctor before using
those drugs. Remember: Children or teenagers
should not take aspirin because that can cause a serious
illness, Reye´s Syndrome.
- Some over the counter cold and flu medicines can help relieve
symptoms, but you will still be contagious. They also may include
certain pain medications, so if you plan to use both, check to make
sure you are not double dosing.
- If you have to leave your home for any reason, including
treatment, wear a surgical mask when in the presence of others.
Cover coughs and sneezes.
Get medical help if you:
- Have difficulty breathing or chest pains or if you have purple
or blue color in your lips
- Are vomiting or can´t keep liquids down
- Have signs of dehydration like dizziness when you stand or you
- Have seizures such as uncontrolled shaking
- Feel you are confused or someone says you appear to be confused
Note: Information is specific to schools. Guidance may
vary in other work situations. Guidance offered Aug. 7, 2009. For more
information, visit www.cdc.h1n1flu/guidance_homecare.htm.