What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is an all-encompassing federal law that prohibits discrimination based on the gender of students and employees of educational institutions which receive federal financial assistance.
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal Financial Assistance." - 20 U.S.C. § 1681 & 34 C.F.R. Part 106
WHO DOES TITLE IX APPLY TO?
- Subcontractors, vendors
Reminder: Any person who behaves in violation of Title IX so that protected persons are unable to enjoy the programs and/or activities of Metropolitan Community College could violate the statute on behalf of the college system.
What does title ix prohibit?
It prohibits sex discrimination in educational institutions, programs and activities. Sex discrimination includes:
- Sexual assault and other forms of sexual violence
- Domestic, intimate partner, and dating violence
- Hostile work environment
- Sexual harassment (quid pro quo, disparate treatment)
- Failing to provide appropriate accommodations for a pregnant or parenting student (when deemed medically necessary)
- Treating a person differently based on marital status
Title IX Programs are imperative because:
- Nearly 1 in 5 women surveyed said they had been raped or had experienced an attempted rape at some point, and 1 in 4 reported having been beaten by an intimate partner (National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2011). Almost 2/3 of rapes were perpetrated by someone known to the victim (RAINN, 2013).
- 6% of men reported an attempted or completed sexual assault (CDC, 2013)
- 74% of perpetrators and 55% of rape victims were intoxicated (Abbey, 2002)
4 Things You May Not Know About Title IX
1. Equal opportunities in career and technical programs in traditionally male-dominated fields.
Title IX requires that men and women be given equal opportunities in career and technical education programs, particularly in traditionally male-dominated fields. Getting more women in these fields, may be the key to closing the gender wage gap, since predominately female occupations pay lower wages than predominately male ones. Women still face barriers and a lack of encouragement in the fields of science, technology, engineering and math. Title IX has expanded opportunities for a number of women and girls.
2. Protection for pregnant and parenting students.
Title IX requires that pregnant and parenting students have equal access to schools and activities, that all separate programs are completely voluntary, and that schools excuse absences due to pregnancy or childbirth for as long as it is deemed medically necessary.
3. Protection against harassment and bullying.
Sexual harassment is a form of prohibited sex discrimination in schools under Title IX, and much of what we call "bullying" is actually prohibited harassment.
4. Protection for survivors of sexual assault or rape.
Title IX grants protection for survivors of sexual assault and rape by requiring universities and colleges to provide a prompt and equitable resolution of sexual violence complaints, investigate those complaints regardless of whether or not law enforcement is involved, provide alternate housing a comfortable distance from attackers, and provide counseling, medical, and academic support.