Drug Free Booklet

Drug-Free Schools and Community Act

OCTOBER 2020

Drug-free campus policy

Standards of conduct for employees and students regarding alcohol and drugs

The illegal possession, use or distribution of drugs or alcohol by students and employees is a violation of Metropolitan Community College rules as well as state and federal laws. The MCC Board of Governors has directed officers of the College to cooperate with state and federal agencies in the prevention of drug abuse. In satisfaction of this mandate and in order to fulfill obligations under the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988, 41 U.S.C. § 701 and the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989, 20 U.S.C. § 1145g, the College has formulated standards of conduct for both its employees and its students that prohibit the following acts:

  1. Use, possession, manufacture, distribution or sale of illegal drugs or drug paraphernalia on College premises, while on College business, at College activities or in College-supplied vehicles either during or after working hours.

  2. Unauthorized use, possession, manufacture, distribution or sale of a controlled substance as defined by the Federal Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. §§ 801 et seq. or Nebraska Drug Control Laws, Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-401 et seq. on College premises, while on College business, at College activities or in College-supplied vehicles either during or after working hours.

  3. Unauthorized use, possession, manufacture, distribution or sale of alcohol on College premises, while on College business, at College activities or in College-supplied vehicles either during or after working hours.

  4. Storing in a locker, desk, vehicle or other place on College-owned or occupied premises any unauthorized controlled substances, drug paraphernalia or alcohol.

  5. Use of alcohol off College premises that adversely affects an employee’s or student’s work or academic performance or an employee’s or student’s safety or the safety of others.

  6. Use, possession, manufacture, distribution or sale of illegal drugs off College premises that adversely affects the employee’s work performance or the student’s academic performance or an employee’s or student’s safety or the safety of others.

  7. Violation of state or federal laws relating to the unauthorized use, possession, manufacture, distribution or sale of alcohol, controlled substances or drug paraphernalia.

  8. Employee’s failure to notify his/her supervisor of an employee’s arrest or conviction under any criminal drug statute as a result of a violation of law that occurs at MCC.

Employee Assistance Program for regular faculty and staff (PM VI-19)

The services of a College-supported Employee Assistance Program are available to all regular faculty and staff and their dependent family members needing short-term counseling, assessment and/or referral. EAP counselors are available to assist these individuals in dealing with problems such as substance abuse, family distress, financial or legal concerns, nervous disorders or other personal issues.

EAP provides 24-hour access, via the toll-free number, to professional counselors each day of the year. Appointments can be scheduled during convenient day, evening or weekend hours.

402-354-8000 (confidential appointments) 800-666-8606 (24-hour toll-free number)

EAP also provides online monthly information on a variety of topics like stress during the holidays, listening skills and relationships. To access this information, visit bestcareeap.org.

Drug and alcohol counseling

Students

There are many drug and alcohol counseling, treatment and rehabilitation services located in MCC’s four-county service area.

Organization/office Phone number

Information and referral offices

First call for help

211 or 402-444-6666

Eastern Nebraska Community Action Partnership

402-453-5656

Drug abuse and alcoholism treatment and counseling services CHI Alegent Center (Immanuel Access)

402-717-4673

Catholic Charities

402-554-0520

Heartland Family Services

402-553-3000

Lutheran Family Services

402-342-7007

Nebraska Urban Indian Health Coalition

402-346-0902

University Drug and Alcohol Program

402-334-2583

Nebraska/Western Iowa Veterans Administration

402-346-8800

NOVA Therapeutic Community Inc.

402-455-8303 or 402-334-2583

Offutt AFB Substance Abuse Center (active military only)

402-294-3784

Salvation Army

402-342-4135 or 402-553-5694

Discovery Center

402-330-3560

Halfway house programs Arch

402-556-6425

Santa Monica

402-558-7088

Self-help programs

Al-Anon Information Services (Monday–Saturday, 10 a.m.–2 p.m.)

402-553-5033

Alcoholics Anonymous 24-hour helpline

402-556-1879

Cocaine Anonymous

800-347-8998

Crystal Meth Anonymous

855-638-4373

Marijuana Anonymous

800-766-6779

Disciplinary sanctions

Students

Violations of the Student Code of Conduct (Procedures Memorandum V-4) may result in the imposition of sanctions up to and including expulsion from this institution and referral for prosecution by the proper authorities under local, state and/or federal law. One or more of the following sanctions may be imposed as provided in the Student Code of Conduct and Disciplinary Procedures: admonition, disciplinary probation, suspension, dismissal (expulsion) or any other action considered necessary or appropriate by College officials.

Faculty and staff

Violation of the employee standards of conduct may result in the imposition of sanctions up to and including termination of employment, possible referral to law enforcement agencies and/or completion of an appropriate drug abuse assistance program or rehabilitation program. See Procedures Memorandum VI-24 for more information.

Description of applicable legal sanctions under federal, state or local law for unlawful possession or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol.

The information on the following pages summarizes selected provisions of federal, state and local laws that provide criminal and civil penalties for unlawful possession or distribution of drugs and alcohol.

To find the Federal violations for:

Trafficking, possession, controlled substance violations and other crimes/activities, racketeering, smuggling, laundering money from controlled substance violations and tax offenses can be found at:

https://drugabuse.com/library/drug-abuse penalties/.

Appendix A1

Nebraska sanctions under Nebraska Law for Unlawful Possession or Distribution on Anabolic Steroids, Marijuana, and Hashish or Other Substances containing Tetrahydrocannabinols.

Appendix A2

Sanctions Under Nebraska law for Unlawful Possession or Distribution of Illicit Drugs.

Appendix B

Drugs of Abuse/uses and the effects on the human body

Selected Nebraska alcohol offenses

Minor in possession

It is against the law for a person under the age of 21 years to possess alcohol. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-

180.02 (Reissue 1998). Violation of this law is punishable by three months’ imprisonment or $500 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180.05 (1) (Reissue 1998) and § 28-106 (1) (Cum. Supp. 1998). As part of sentencing, a judge may order an offender to become part of a public work detail under the supervision

of the county sheriff for not more than 10 days in lieu of the above penalties. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180.05

(1) (Reissue 1998).

Procuring alcohol

It is a violation of Nebraska law to sell, give away, dispose of, exchange, deliver or permit the sale, gift or procuring of any alcoholic liquors to or for any minor or to any person who is mentally incompetent. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180 (Reissue 1998). Violation of this law is punishable by not more than one year imprisonment or $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-180.05 (1) (Reissue 1998) and § 28-106 (1) (Cum. Supp. 1998).

Consumption on public property

It is a violation of Nebraska law for any person to consume alcoholic liquors in the public streets, alleys, parking areas, roads or highways; or inside vehicles while upon the public streets, alleys, parking areas, roads or highways; or upon property owned by the state or any governmental subdivision thereof, unless authorized by the governing bodies having jurisdiction over such properties. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 53-186 (Supp. 1999).

A violation of this statute is punishable on the first offense by a fine of up to a maximum of $100; a second offense within two years is punishable by a fine not less than $100 and not more than $300; a third offense within two years is punishable by a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $500. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29- 436 (Reissue 1995).

Driving while intoxicated

Listed is a link to the Nebraska Department of Motor Vehicles website that lists the penalties for driving while intoxicated.

http://www.dmv.org/ne-nebraska/automotive-law/dui.php

Local laws may also make it a crime to operate a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol or to commit certain acts involving the consumption or possession of alcohol (e.g. open container laws).

State penalties and sanctions for illegal possession of controlled substances

The framework for the regulation of most drugs, also called controlled substances, is set out in the Uniform Controlled Substances Act. In addition, there are other Nebraska state laws that establish penalties for various drug-related offenses that are summarized in the chart in Appendix A1 and A2.

Crimes involving minors

Any person 18 years of age or older who distributes, delivers or sells controlled substances to a person under the age of 18 years shall be punished by the next-higher penalty classification for a first offense or second offense involving drugs such as heroin, speed, cocaine, LSD or pentazocine. The law also provides for an enhanced penalty for anyone 18 years of age or older who employs, uses, persuades

or coerces any person under the age of 18 years to manufacture, transport, distribute, carry, deliver, dispense or possess with intent to do the same of a controlled substance or a counterfeit controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-416(4) and (5) (Supp. 1999).

Tax provisions

Anyone who possesses or sells the following amounts of controlled substances must pay the appropriate taxes to the Nebraska Department of Revenue and have the stamps attached to the controlled substances:

  • Marijuana is taxed at $100 for each ounce or portion of an ounce.

  • Any controlled substance that is sold by weight or volume (i.e., cocaine, crack, methamphetamine, etc.) is taxed at $150 for each gram or portion of a gram.

  • Any controlled substance that is not sold by weight (i.e., LSD, quaaludes, methamphetamine in tablets, PCP, etc.) is taxed at $500 for each 50 dosage units or portion thereof.

  • Failure to have the proper tax stamps attached to the controlled substance carries a criminal penalty of up to five years imprisonment or a $10,000 fine or both. A penalty equal to 100 percent of the unpaid tax will also be assessed, and both the tax and the penalty may become a lien upon the property owned by the person against whom the tax is assessed. Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 77-4301 to 77-4316 (Reissue 1996).

Property forfeiture

Property used to manufacture, sell or deliver controlled substances can be seized and forfeited to the state. Property subject to forfeiture may include cash, cars, boats and airplanes. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28- 431 (Cum. Supp. 1998).

Being under the influence of any controlled substance for unauthorized purpose

It is a violation of Nebraska law to be under the influence of any controlled substance for a purpose other than the treatment of a sickness or injury as prescribed or administered by a person duly authorized by law to treat sick and injured human beings. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-417(1) (g) (Reissue 1995).

Drug paraphernalia offenses

It is a violation of Nebraska law to use, or to possess with intent to use, drug paraphernalia to manufacture, inject, ingest, inhale or otherwise introduce into the human body a controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28- 441(1) (Reissue 1995). Drug paraphernalia is defined to include such things as hypodermic syringes, needles, pipes and bongs and other items used, intended for use or designed

for use with controlled substances. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-439 (Reissue 1995). It is unlawful to deliver or manufacture drug paraphernalia. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-442 (Reissue 1995). It is a violation of Nebraska law for a person 18 years of age or older to deliver drug paraphernalia to a person under the age of 18 who is at least three years his/her junior. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-443 (Reissue 1995).

A violation of Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-441 is punishable by a fine of not more than $100 for a first offense, not less than $100 and not more than $300 for a second offense; and not less than $200 and not more than $500 on a third or subsequent conviction. Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-441 and 29-436 (Reissue 1995). The penalty for violation of Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-442 is not more than six months imprisonment or $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-442 (Reissue 1995) and § 28-106 (1) (Cum. Supp. 1998). The penalty for violation of Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-443 is imprisonment for not more than one year or $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28- 443 (Reissue 1995) and § 28-106 (1) (Cum. Supp. 1998).

Imitation controlled substances

It is a violation of Nebraska law to knowingly, intentionally manufacture, distribute, deliver or possess with intent to distribute or deliver an imitation controlled substance. Imitation controlled substance is a substance that is not a controlled substance but that is represented to be an illicit controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-445 (Reissue 1995). First offense violations of this law are punishable by three months’ imprisonment or $500 fine or both. A second offense violation of this statute is punishable by not more than six months imprisonment or $1,000 fine or both. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-445 (Reissue 1995) and § 28-106 (1) (Cum. Supp. 1998).

Controlled substance analogue

For purposes of Nebraska’s Uniform Controlled Substance Act, analogue controlled substances (often called designer drugs) are treated as controlled substances. Such an analogue is defined as (a) substantially similar in chemical structure to the chemical structure of a controlled substance or (b) having a stimulant, depressant, analgesic or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the effect of a controlled substance. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-401 (36) (Supp. 1999).

Nondiscrimination and Equal Opportunity Statement

Metropolitan Community College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, transgender status, marital status, age, disability, current or prior military service, protected veteran status or membership in any other class that is protected under local, state or federal law or regulation in admission or access to its programs and activities or in its treatment or hiring of employees. The College complies with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Civil Rights Act of 1990, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Age Discrimination Act of l975 and related Executive Orders 11246 and 11375 and all amendments to the above.

Contacts: Concerning Title VI (race), Title IX (gender equity), Section 504 (disability), Americans with Disabilities Act/Program and Services Accessibility and Age, contact:

Concerning hiring and employment-related complaints of discrimination or harassment based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, transgender status, marital status, age, disability, current or prior military service, protected veteran status or membership in any other class that is protected under local, state or federal law or regulation, or affirmative action or diversity issues, contact:

  • Associate vice president for Equity and Inclusion: 531-MCC-2649, cgoochgrayson@mccneb.edu The address for all of the above individuals is as follows:

Metropolitan Community College 5300 N. 30th Street
P.O. Box 3777
Omaha, NE 68103-0777


Appendix A

State of Nebraska drug penalties

The below listed penalties can be modified at any time by the Nebraska Legislature or a court case decision.

To find the Federal violations for:

Trafficking, possession, controlled substance violations and other crimes/activities, racketeering, smuggling, laundering money from controlled substance violations and tax offenses can be found at: https://drugabuse.com/library/drug-abuse penalties.

Appendix A1

DRUG

QUANTITY

PENALTY FOR SIMPLE POSSESSION

PENALTY FOR MANUFACTURE

Anabolic Steroids1 Schedule III(d)

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 12 months post-release supervision (with 9-month minimum post-release supervision if imprisoned) or $10,000 fine, or both. Class IV felony.

Up to 20 years imprisonment; Class IIA felony

Hashish or Concentrated Cannabis2

Schedule I(c)(16)

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 12 months post-release supervision (with 9-month minimum post-release supervision if imprisoned) or $10,000 fine, or both. Class IV felony.

Up to 20 years imprisonment; Class IIA felony

Marijuana3 Schedule I(c)(7)
OR
Synthetically Produced Cannabinoids4 Schedule I(c)(25)

 

Any detectable amount up to one ounce


More than one ounce but less than one pound


More than one pound

  • 1st offense - $300 fine and possible assignment to controlled substances course. Infraction.

  • 2nd offense - $400 fine and up to five days imprisonment. Class IV misdemeanor.

  • 3rd and subsequent offense - $500 fine and not to exceed 7 days.

    Class IIIA misdemeanor.


Up to 3 months imprisonment or $500 fine or both. Class III misdemeanor.


Up to 5 years imprisonment or $10,000 fine or both. Class IV felony.

Up to 20 years imprisonment; Class IIA felony

1 "Anabolic steroid shall mean any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens, progestin’s, and corticosteroids), that promotes muscle growth and includes any controlled substance in Schedule III(d) of Section 28-405." Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-401 (31) (Reissue 2016).

2 "Hashish or concentrated cannabis shall means (a) The separated resin, whether crude or purified, obtained from a plant of the genus cannabis or (b) any material, preparation, mixture, compound, or other substance which contains ten percent or more by weight of tetrahydrocannabinols." Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-401(27) (Reissue 2016).

3 "Marijuana" is defined at Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-401(13) (Reissue 2016).

4 Nomenclature for these cannabinoids is not internationally recognized and may change; so as long as the chemical structure of a drug fits into this drug’s enumerated categories, it shall be included. See Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-405, Schedule I (c)

(25) (Reissue 2016).

Appendix A2

DRUG1

QUANTITY

PENALTY FOR SIMPLE POSSESSION

PENALTY FOR MANUFACTURE

Methamphetamine “Meth” or “Speed” Schedule2 II(c)(3)

Any detectable amount up to 10 grams


At least 10 grams but less than 28 grams


At least 28 grams but less than 140 grams


140 grams or more

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both.

Class IV felony.

Not less than 1 year imprisonment and not more than 50 years imprisonment. Class II felony.


Not less than 3 years imprisonment and not more than 50 years Imprisonment. Class ID felony.


Not less than 5 years imprisonment and not more than 50 years Imprisonment. Class 1C felony.


Not less than 20 years imprisonment and not more than life imprisonment. Class 1B felony

Heroin Schedule I(b)(11)

Any detectable amount up to 10 grams


At least 10 grams but less than 28 grams


At least 28 grams but less than 140 grams


140 grams or more

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both.

Class IV felony.

Not less than 1 year imprisonment and not more than 50 years imprisonment. Class II felony.


Not less than 3 years imprisonment and not more than 50 years Imprisonment. Class ID felony.


Not less than 5 years imprisonment and not more than 50 years Imprisonment. Class 1C felony.


Not less than 20 years imprisonment and not more than life imprisonment. Class 1B felony

Cocaine or Base Cocaine “Crack Cocaine” Schedule II(a) (4)

Any detectable amount up to 10 grams


At least 10 grams but less than 28 grams


At least 28 grams but less than 140 grams


140 grams or more

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both.

Class IV felony.

Not less than 1 year imprisonment and not more than 50 years imprisonment. Class II felony.


Not less than 3 years imprisonment and not more than 50 years Imprisonment. Class ID felony.


Not less than 5 years imprisonment and not more than 50 years Imprisonment. Class 1C felony.


Not less than 20 years imprisonment and not more than life imprisonment. Class 1B felony

Phencyclidine “PCP” or “Angel Dust”

Schedule II((d)(4)

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both. Class IV felony.

Not less than 1 year imprisonment and not more than 50 years imprisonment. Class II felony.

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide “LSD” Schedule I©(6)

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both. Class IV felony.

Up to 4 years imprisonment and 9-24 months post-release supervision or $25,000 fine or both. Class III felony.

Fentanyl “China White” Schedule II(b)(5)

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both. Class IV felony.

Not less than 1 year imprisonment and not more than 50 years imprisonment. Class II felony.

Appendix A2, contd.

DRUG1

QUANTITY

PENALTY FOR SIMPLE POSSESSION

PENALTY FOR MANUFACTURE

“Exceptionally Hazardous Drugs” 3

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both. Class IV felony.

Not less than 1 year imprisonment and not more than 50 years imprisonment. Class II felony.

Schedule I/II/III drugs not classified as “Exceptionally Hazardous Drugs”

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both. Class IV felony.

Up to 20 years imprisonment. Class IIA felony.

Any Controlled Substances classified in Schedule IV or V

Any detectable amount

Up to 2 years imprisonment and 9-12 months post-release supervision or $10,000 fine or both. Class IV felony.

Up to 3 years imprisonment and 9-18 months post-release super- vision or $10,000 or both. Class IIIA felony.

1 Outlined in Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-416 (Reissue 2016).

2 All references are to the controlled substances schedules enumerated in Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-405 (Reissue 2016).

3 “Exceptionally Hazardous Drug” is defined in the Uniform Controlled Substances Act, Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-401 (28) (Reissue 2016).

Appendix B

Drugs of abuse/uses and effects

Narcotics

Drug CSA schedules Trade or other names Medical uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (hours) Usual method Possible effects Effects of overdose Withdrawal symptoms

Heroin

Substance I

Diamorphine, horse, smack, black tar, chiva, negra (black tar)

None in U.S.,
analgesic, antitussive

High

High

Yes

3–4

Injected, snorted, smoked

Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea

Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death

Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic, cramps, nausea, chills and sweating

Morphine

Substance II

MS-Contin, Roxanol, Oramorph SR, MSIR

Analgesic

High

High

Yes

3–12

Oral, injected

Hydrocodone

Substance II, Product III, V

Hydrocodone w/ Acetaminophen, Vicodin, Vicoprofen, Tussionex, Lortab

Analgesic, antitussive

High

High

Yes

3–6

Oral

Hydromorphone

Substance II

Dilaudid

Analgesic

High

High

Yes

3–4

Oral, injected

Oxycodone

Substance II

Roxicet, Oxycodone w/ Acetaminophen, OxyContin, Endocet, Percocet, Percodan

Analgesic

High

High

Yes

3–12

Oral

Codeine

Substance II, Products III, V

Acetaminophen, Guaifenesin or Promethazine w/ Codeine, Fiorinal, Fioricet or Tylenol w/ Codeine

Analgesic, antitussive

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

3–4

Oral, injected

Other narcotics

Substance II, III, IV

Fentanyl, Demerol, Methadone, Darvon,Stadol, Talwin, Paregoric, Buprenex

Analgesic, antidiarrheal, antitussive

High-low

High-low

Yes

Variable

Oral, injected, snorted, smoked

Depressants

Drug CSA schedules Trade or other names Medical uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (hours) Usual method Possible effects Effects of overdose Withdrawal symptoms

Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid

Substance I, Product III

GHB, Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X, Sodium Oxybate, Xyrem®

None in U.S., anesthetic

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

3–6

Oral

Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol, impaired memory
of events, interacts with alcohol

Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, possible death

Anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, possible death

Benzodiazepines

Substance IV

Valium, Xanax, Halcion, Ativan, Restoril, Rohypnol (Roofies, R-2), Klonopin

Antianxiety, sedative, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, muscle relaxant

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

1–8

Oral, injected

Other depressants

Substance I, II, III, IV

Ambien, Sonata, Meprobamate, Chloral Hydrate, Barbiturates, Methaqualone (Quaalude)

Antianxiety, sedative, hypnotic

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

2–6

Oral

Stimulants

Drug CSA schedules Trade or other names Medical uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (hours) Usual method Possible effects Effects of overdose Withdrawal symptoms

Cocaine

Substance II

Coke, Flake, Snow, Crack, Coca, Blanca, Perico, Nieve, Soda

Local anesthetic

Possible

High

Yes

1–2

Snorted, smoked, injected

Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite

Agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death

Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, and disorientation

Amphetamine/ Methamphetamine

Substance II

Crank, Ice, Cristal, Krystal Meth, Speed, Adderall, Dexedrine, Desoxyn

Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy, weight control

Possible

High

Yes

2–4

Oral, injected, smoked

Methylphenidate

Substance II

Ritalin (Illy’s), Concerta, Focalin, Metadate

Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder

Possible

High

Yes

2–4

Oral, injected, snorted, smoked

Other stimulants

Substance III, IV

Adipex P, Ionamin, Prelu-2, Didrex, Provigil

Vasoconstriction

Possible

Moderate

Yes

2–4

Oral

Hallucinogens

Drug CSA schedules Trade or other names Medical uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (hours) Usual method Possible effects Effects of overdose Withdrawal symptoms

MDMA and analogs

Substance I

(Ecstasy, XTC, Adam), MDA (Love Drug), MDEA (Eve), MBDB

None

None

Moderate

Yes

4–6

Oral, snorted, smoked

Heightened senses, teeth grinding and dehydration

Increased body temperature, electrolyte imbalance, cardiac arrest

Muscle aches, drowsiness, depression, acne

LSD

Substance I

Acid, Microdot, Sunshine, Boomers

None

None

Unknown

Yes

8–12

Oral

Illusions and hallucinations, altered perception of time and distance

(LSD) Longer, more intense “trip” episodes

None

Phencyclidine and analogs

Substance I, II, III

PCP, Angel Dust, Hog, Loveboat, Ketamine (Special K), PCE, PCPy, TCP

Anesthetic (Ketamine)

Possible

High

Yes

1–12

Smoked, oral, injected, snorted

Unable to direct
movement, feel pain or remember

Drug seeking behavior
*Not regulated

Other hallucinogens

Substance I

Psilocybe mushrooms, Mescaline,
Peyote Cactus, Ayahausca, DMT, Dextromethorphan* (DXM)

None

None

None

Possible

4–8

Oral

Unknown

Unknown

Cannabis

Drug CSA schedules Trade or other names Medical uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (hours) Usual method Possible effects Effects of overdose Withdrawal symptoms

Marijuana

Substance I

Pot, Grass, Sinsemilla, Blunts, Mota, Yerba, Grifa

None

Unknown

Moderate

Yes

2–4

Smoked, oral

Euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, disorientation

Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis

Occasional reports of insomnia, hyperactivity, decreased appetite

Tetrahydro- cannabinol

Substance I, Product III

THC, Marinol

Antinauseant, appetite stimulant

Yes

Moderate

Yes

2–4

Smoked, oral

Hashish and Hashish Oil

Substance I

Hash, Hash oil

None

Unknown

Moderate

Yes

2–4

Smoked, oral

Inhalants

Drug CSA schedules Trade or other names Medical uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (hours) Usual method Possible effects Effects of overdose Withdrawal symptoms

Amyl and Butyl Nitrite

n/a

Pearls, Poppers, Rush, Locker Room

Angina (Amyl)

Unknown

Unknown

No

1

Inhaled

Flushing, hypotension, headache

Methemo- globinemia

Agitation

Nitrous Oxide

n/a

Laughing gas, balloons, Whippets

Anesthetic

Unknown

Low

No

0.5

Inhaled

Impaired memory, slurred speech, drunken behavior, slow onset vitamin deficiency, organ damage

Vomiting, respiratory depression, loss of consciousness, possible death

Trembling, anxiety, insomnia, vitamin deficiency, confusion, hallucinations, convulsions

Other inhalants

n/a

Adhesives, spray paint, hair spray, dry cleaning fluid, spot remover, lighter fluid

None

Unknown

High

No

0.5–2

Inhaled

Alcohol

n/a

Beer, wine, liquor

None

High

High

Yes

1–3

Oral

Source: U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration